Nestled on a highly fertile hillside, Gonnoscodina is a village of medieval origin with 500 inhabitants living high up in the Marmilla region, surrounded by elevations and crossed by the Rio Mogoro. Indeed, the root gonnos (common to various Sardinian towns) means ‘hill’, whilst the final part codina signifies ‘rock’. The main business is agriculture, accompanied by woodworking and ceramic crafts. At the entrance of the village, the large and elegant dome of the Church of San Daniele can be seen. Dating back to the first half of the 19th century, it is a symbol of the village. Inside, with a central plan, it houses a magnificent parian marble altar. In the surrounds is a beautiful park adorned with Mediterranean vegetation. Inside the historic town, an ancient bridge can be admired, the date of which is uncertain. There is also the parish church of San Sebastiano, built in the 17th century in Ionic style with a Greek cross (in place of the ancient parish church of San Bartolomeo) and housing a relic of the Holy Cross and an ancient goblet of great prestige. The patron saint is celebrated on 20th January with a characteristic bonfire that illuminates the night. Three events are held in honour of San Daniele: in early May, mid-October and mid-November. At the end of August, the feast of San Bartolomeo is held in the evocative setting of the park surrounding the ruins of the church dedicated to him.
From Gonnoscodina, it is easy to reach areas where nature is at its best: the Giara di Gesturi, an unparalleled environmental oasis famous for wild horses, the Giara di Siddi, where time has formed unique vertical cracks with warm reddish hues in the basaltic rock, and the slopes of the charming Mount Arci with uncontaminated nooks and deposits of obsidian, exploited since prehistoric times. As to ancient times, the fertility of the land has contributed to the inhabitation of the Gonnoscodina territory since the Nuragic age, with the greatest remnants being the Nuraghe Nurazzolu. The area was then populated by the Romans, with a small necropolis and a money deposit in the countryside near the town dating back to this period in time.