It is located on the plateau of Abbasanta, on the edge of the Montiferru and Marghine massifs. Ghilarza is a village with four thousand 500 inhabitants in the centre of Sardinia, in the province of Oristano. The structure of the houses is inspired by agricultural and pastoral activities, which was once dominant. They were built from black basalt, the processing of which is currently the village's main resource. The skill of the Ghilarza stone masons is famous throughout the Island. It was also a centre of culture: the circolo di lettura (reading circle) was founded in the early nineteenth century and the first female circle began at the beginning of the twentieth century. This context was lifeblood for jurists, diplomats and scholars. In the nineteen sixties, the village boasted the highest percentage of university graduates on the Island. Unsurprisingly, one of Europe's most influential twentieth-century intellectuals spent his childhood here: Antonio Gramsci, founder of the Italian Communist Party.