It embraces a large portion of the Monreale sub-region on the Oristano border and the hills of the Iglesiente sub-region. Guspini, a little town with medieval origins and almost twelve thousand inhabitants, has two different souls that cohabit together: agricultural activities and industrial archaeology. You will see deserted mining villages, splendid views of the old town centre, cultivated hills and the woods of Mount Linas. With its pinewoods and springs, the Parco di Gentilis park will offer you relaxing moments, while in the Parco Culturale Dessì (Dessì Cultural Park), you can take the Domus Guspini itinerary, through the streets of the village centre. Every stage of the itinerary has a theme: the Museum of wine and oil in Casa Murgia, iron working in Casa Agus, wool production, cheese and honey (to which a festival is dedicated) in other Campidano 'courtyards'. There are typical local types of pasta (ravioli and malloreddus) and homemade bread, pastries (gueffus, pabassinas, pirichìttus) and artisan beers, the protagonists of the largest event in this sector at the end of August, called Birras. Along the urban itinerary, you can travel through history to MonteTempo, in the former granite mountain, and you can visit the Garau mill, the ancient Mascalcia, the parish church of San Nicolò di Mira (17th century), which is a perfect combination of Late Gothic and Renaissance elements, and the Romanesque church, which was later extended, in Gothic-Aragonese style, of Santa Maria di Malta (12th century). The most heartfelt festivity in honour of the saint is celebrated in mid-August. In the town, on the hill of Cepera, you will be charmed by the basalt columnar of Guspini, a geological spectacle with very few parallels in the world, which dates back three million years. The natural monument is a little volcanic 'cone' with a vertical wall of basalt prisms, twenty metres high and resembling 'organ pipes'. The area has an important mining history, which began in the mid-nineteenth century. This abandoned patrimony is concentrated in the complex of Montevecchio, the 'heart' of the extraction activities in the southwest for a century and a half, today part of the Geological and Mining Park of Sardinia. You will visit buildings and machinery that tell the story of hard work and passion a short distance from the Costa Verde.
The territory has been frequented since Neolithic times: bearing witness to this is the megalithic circle of Su Corrazzu de Is Pillonis, the Domu de Janas of Bruncu Maddeus and, above all, the two Menhirs of Perdas Longas, representing the Mother Goddess and the Bull God. A third Menhir is located near the sacred well of Sa Mitza de Nieddinu, a place of worship in the Late Bronze Age with a chamber and flight of steps still intact. It is a legacy from the Nuragic age, along with the well of Is Trigas and about thirty Nuraghi, among which Brunku e S'Orku, Melas and Saurecci. The main archaeological area is near the pond of Santa Maria, inhabited by the greater flamingo the ancient town of Neapolis, founded by the Punics at the end of the 5th century BC and later occupied by the Romans, who built large thermal baths, cisterns and roads there.